The following mineralogy was reported as a CIPW norm in Zheng et al. 2009, and does not account for the glass content (20-40%).
|Mean grain size||85.9 μm|
|Internal friction angle||33.3°|
Current Status: Unknown
Developed By: Chinese Academy of Sciences
Available From: N/A
Publications: Zheng, Y. et al. (2009), CAS-1 lunar soil simulant. Advances in Space Research, 43, 448-454.
CAS-1 is a general purpose, lunar low-Ti mare simulant designed to match the mineralogy and chemistry of Apollo 14 regolith samples. It is composed of scoria from a 2 m-thick layer of Sihai pyroclastics (Jinlongdingzi Volcano, Jilin Province, China).
The scoria is about 50% porous and consists of ~20-40% glass, and crystalline pyroxene, olivine and plagioclase. This scoria was ground and mixed to produce the CAS-1 simulant, giving it a particle size distribution consistent with Apollo 14/15 soils.
CAS-1 seems to have been somewhat widely used by China’s Lunar Exploration Program, but the amount produced and its current status is unknown.
Other Lunar Mare Simulants
ALS | ALRS-1 | BP-1 | CAS-1 | CLRS-1 | CSM-CL | CUG-1A | DNA-1 | FJS-1/2/3 | GSC-1 | JSC-1/1A/1AF/1AC/2A | KLS-1 | KOHLS-1/KAUMLS | Maryland-Sanders | MLS-1/1P | MKS-1 | NEU-1 | Oshima | TJ-1/2