Performance Research Laboratory (PeRL)

Publications

Publications

Peer Reviewed Journal Publications

Claypoole, V.L., Neigel, A.R., Waldfogle, G.E., & Szalma, J.L.(in press). Evaluative social presence can improve vigilance performance, but vigilance is still hard work and is stressful. JEP: Human Perception and Performance.

Neigel, A.R., Claypoole, V.L., Waldfogle, G.E., Fraulini, N.W., & Szalma, J.L.(in press). Where is my mind? Examining mind-wandering and vigilance performance. Experimental Brain Research.

Wohleber, R.W., Matthews, G., Lin, J., Szalma, J.L., Calhoun, G.L., Funke, G.J., Chiu, C.Y.P., & Ruff, H.A. (in press). Vigilance and automation dependence in operation of multiple unmanned aerial systems (UAS): A simulation study. Human Factors.

Claypoole, V.L., Dever, D.A.,Denues, K.L., & Szalma, J.L.(in press). The effects of event rate on a cognitive vigilance task. Human Factors.

Claypoole, V.L., & Szalma, J.L.(2019). Electronic performance monitoring and sustained attention: Social facilitation for modern applications.  Computers in Human Behavior, 94,25-34.

Thropp, J.E., Oron-Gilad, T., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2018). Calibrating adaptable automation to individuals. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, 48(6) 691-701.

Claypoole, V.L., & Szalma, J.L.(2018). Facilitating sustained attention: Is mere presence sufficient? American Journal of Psychology, 131(4), 417-428.

Claypoole, V.L., & Szalma, J.L.(2018). Independent Co-Actors May Improve Performance  and Lower Workload: Viewing Vigilance under Social Facilitation. Human Factors, 60(6), 822-832.

Claypoole, V.L., Neigel, A.R., Fraulini, N.W.,Hancock, G.M., & Szalma, J.L.(in press). Can vigilance tasks be administered online? A replication and discussion. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.

Neigel, A.R., Claypoole, V.L., Hancock, G.M.,Fraulini, N.W., & Szalma, J.L.(2018). Ceci n’est pas un walrus: Lexical processing in vigilance performance. Experimental Brain  Research, 236, 867-879.

Szalma, J.L., Daly, T.N.,Teo, G.W.L., Hancock, G.M., & Hancock, P.A. (2018). Training for vigilance on the move: A video game-based paradigm for sustained attention. Ergonomics, 61(4), 482-505.

Teo, G., Reinerman-Jones, L., Matthews, G., Szalma, J., Jentsch, F., & Hancock, P.A. (2018). Enhancing the effectiveness of human-robot teaming with a closed-loop system. Applied  Ergonomics,67, 91-103.

Claypoole, V. L., & Szalma, J. L. (2017). Examining social facilitation in vigilance: a hit and a miss. Ergonomics, 1-15. Download

Reinerman, L., Barber, D.J., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2017). Human interaction with robotic systems: Performance and workload evaluations.  Ergonomics,60(10), 1351-1368.

Fraulini, N. W., Hancock, G. M., Neigel, A. R., Claypoole, V. L., & Szalma, J. L. (2017). A critical        examination of the research and theoretical underpinnings discussed in Thomson, Besner, and        Smilek (2016). Psychological Review, 124(4), 525-531. Download

Szalma, J.L.(2014). On the application of motivation theory to human factors/ ergonomics: Motivational design principles for human-technology interaction. Human Factors, 56, 1453-1471.

Szalma, J.L., Schmidt, T.N., Teo, G.W.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2014). Vigilance on the move: Video game-based measurement of sustained attention.  Ergonomics, 57, 1315-1336. [Note. Editor Nominated Paper (1 of 10) for the 2015 Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety and the UK Chartered Institute for Ergonomics and Human Factors (CIEHF), Annual Liberty Mutual Award.]

Taylor, G.S.,Reinerman-Jones, L.E., Szalma, J.L., Mouloua, M., & Hancock, P.A. (2013).  What to automate: Addressing the multidimensionality of cognitive resources through system design. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 7, 311-329.

Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2013). A signal improvement to signal detection analysis: Fuzzy SDT on the ROCs. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 39, 1741-1762..

Sellers, B., Fiore, S.M., & Szalma, J.L. (2013).  Developing a scale of environmental efficacy. The International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic, and Social Sustainability, 8, 169-195.

Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2012). What’s all the noise? Differentiating dimensions of acoustic stress and the limits to meta-analysis—Reply to Smith (2012). Psychological Bulletin, 138, 1269-1273. Download

Szalma, J.L., & Teo, G.W.L. (2012). Spatial and temporal task characteristics as stress: A test of the dynamic adaptability theory of stress, workload, and performance.  Acta Psychologica, 139, 471-485. Download

Szalma, J.L. (2011). Workload and stress in vigilance: The impact of display format and task type.  American Journal of Psychology, 124, 441-454.  Download

Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2011). Noise effects on human performance: A meta-analytic synthesis.  Psychological Bulletin, 137, 682-707. Download

Szalma, J.L., & Taylor, G.S. (2011).Individual differences in response to automation: The big five factors of personality.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 17, 71-96. Download

Szalma, J.L. (2009). Individual differences in performance, workload, and stress in sustained attention: Optimism and pessimism.  Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 444-451.  Download

Szalma, J.L. (2009). Individual differences in human-technology interaction: Incorporating variation in human characteristics into human factors research and design.  Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 10, 381-397. Download

Oron-Gilad, T., Szalma, J.L., Stafford, S.C., & Hancock, P.A. (2008). The workload and performance relationship in the real world: A study of police officers in a field shooting exercise. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 14, 119-131.  Download

Conway, G., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2007). A quantitative meta-analytic examination of whole-body vibration effects on human performance.  Ergonomics, 50, 228-245. Download

Hancock, P.A., Mouloua, M., Gilson, R., Szalma, J., & Oron-Gilad, T. (2007). Provocation: Is the UAV control ratio the right question?  Ergonomics in Design, 15, 7, 30-31. Download

Hancock, P.A., Ross, J.M., & Szalma, J.L. (2007). A meta-analysis of performance response under thermal stressors.  Human Factors, 49, 851-877.  Download

Szalma, J.L., Hancock, P.A., Dember, W.N., & Warm, J.S. (2006).  Training for vigilance: The effect of KR format and dispositional optimism and pessimism on performance and stress. British Journal of Psychology, 97, 115-135.  Download

Szalma, J.L., Hancock, P.A., Warm, J.S., Dember, W.N., & Parsons, K.S. (2006).  Training for vigilance: Using predictive power to evaluate feedback effectiveness, Human Factors, 48, 682-692.  Download

Oron-Gilad, T., Szalma, J.L., Stafford, S.C., & Hancock, P.A. (2005).  Police officers seat   belt use while on duty.  Transportation Research: Part F, 8, 1-18. Download

Szalma, J.L., Warm, J.S., Matthews, G., Dember, W.N., Weiler, E.M., Meier, A., & Eggemeier, F.T. (2004) Effects of sensory modality and task duration on performance, workload, and stress in sustained attention. Human Factors, 46, 219-233. Download

Hancock, P.A., & Szalma, J.L. (2004).  On the relevance of qualitative methods for ergonomics. Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 5, 499-506. Download

Hancock, P.A., & Szalma, J.L. (2003). The future of neuroergonomics.  Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science, 4, 238-249. Download

Hancock, P.A., & Szalma, J.L. (2003). Operator stress and display design.  Ergonomics in Design, 11, 13-18. Download

Hancock, P.A., & Szalma, J.L (2003). Vigilance and the price of freedom.  Gateway: Human Systems Information Analysis Center, 13, pp. 5, 20. Available on-line at http://iac.dtic.mil/hsiac Download

Grier, R.R., Warm, J.S., Dember, W.N., Matthews. G., Galinsky, T.L., Szalma, J.L., & Parasuraman, R. (2003). The vigilance decrement reflects limitations in effortful attention, not mindlessness.  Human Factors, 45, 349-359. Download

Nikolaides, N., Bogdan, S.E., & Szalma, J.L. (2002).  Preparation of 8-alkyl 7-(2-Imidazolinylamino) Quinolines via palladium mediated alkylations.  Synthetic Communications, 32, 2027-2033. Download

 

Book Chapters

Bohil, C.J., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (in press).  Psychophysical methods and signal detection: Recent advances in theory. In: R.R. Hoffman, P.A. Hancock, M.W. Scerbo, J.L. Szalma, and R. Parasuraman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of applied perception.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Matthews, G., Szalma, J.L., Panganiban, A.R., Neubauer, C., & Warm, J.S. (in press). Profiling task stress with the Dundee Stress State Questionnaire. In: L. Cavalcanti and S. Azevedo (Eds.), Psychology of stress: New research. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Publishers.

Szalma, J.L., & Matthews, G. (in press).  Motivation and emotion in sustained attention. In: R.R. Hoffman, P.A. Hancock, M.W. Scerbo, J.L. Szalma, and R. Parasuraman (Eds.), The Cambridge handbook of applied perception.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Szalma, J.L. (2012). Individual differences in stress, fatigue, and performance. In: G. Matthews, P.A. Desmond, C. Neubauer, and P.A. Hancock (Eds.), The handbook of operator fatigue (pp. 75-90). Aldershot, Hampshire, UK: Ashgate.

Szalma, J.L., Hancock, G.M., & Hancock, P.A. (2012). Task loading and stress in human-computer interaction: Theoretical frameworks and mitigation strategies.  In:  J.A. Jacko (Ed.), The human-computer interaction handbook: Fundamentals, evolving technologies, and emerging applications, 3rd ed (pp. 55-75).  New York: CRC PressTaylor & Francis Group.

Hancock, P.A., & Szalma, J.L. (2008). Stress and performance. In: P.A. Hancock and J.L. Szalma (Eds.), Performance under stress (pp. 1-18). Aldershot, Hampshire, UK: Ashgate. Download

Szalma, J.L. (2008).  Individual differences in stress reaction.  In: P.A. Hancock and J.L. Szalma (Eds.), Performance under stress (pp. 323-357). Aldershot, Hampshire, UK: Ashgate. Download

Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2008). Task loading and stress in human-computer interaction: Theoretical frameworks and mitigation strategies.  In:  J.A. Jacko and A. Sears (Eds.), The human-computer interaction handbook: Fundamentals, evolving technologies, and emerging applications, 2nd ed. (pp. 115-132). New York: Erlbaum Taylor & Francis Group. Download

Hancock, P.A., Oron-Gilad, T., & Szalma, J.L. (2007).  Elaborations of the multiple-resource theory of attention.  In: A. Kramer, D. Wiegmann, and A. Kirlik (Eds.), Attention: From theory to practice  (pp. 45-56). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Download

Hancock, P.A., & Szalma, J.L. (2007). Stress and neuroergonomics.  In: R. Parasuraman and M. Rizzo (Eds.), Neuroergonomics: The brain at work.  (pp. 195-206). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Download

Peer Reviewed Conference Proceedings

Schmidt, T.N., Teo, G.W.L., Szalma, J.L., Hancock, G.M., & Hancock, P.A. (2012). The    effect of video game play on performance in a vigilance task. Proceedings of the Human    Factors and Ergonomics Society, 56, 1544-1547. Download

Szalma, J.L., & Teo, G.W.L. (2012). The joint effect of task characteristics and extraversion on the performance, workload, and stress of signal detection. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 56, 1054-1058. Download

Teo, G.W.L., Schmidt, T.N., Szalma, J.L., Hancock, G.M., & Hancock, P.A. (2012).    The effect of knowledge of results for training vigilance in a video game-based environment.     Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 56, 1421-1425. Download

Teo, G.W.L., Szalma, J.L., Schmidt, T.N., Hancock, G.M., & Hancock, P.A. (2012).    Evaluating vigilance in a dynamic environment: Methodological issues and proposals.     Proceedings of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 56, 1586-1590. Download

Szalma, J.L., & O’Connell, M. (2011). Fuzzy signal detection theory: A Monte Carlo     investigation. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 55, 1366-1369. Download

Szalma, J.L., Teo, G., Hancock, P.A., & Murphy, J.S. (2011). Knowledge of results and      diagnostic power: Implications for vigilance training to support improvised explosive device detection. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 55,1548-1551. Download

Teo, G., & Szalma, J.L. (2011). The effects of task type and source complexity on      vigilance performance, workload, and stress. Proceedings of the Human Factors and        Ergonomics Society, 55, 1180-1184. Download

Oleson, K.E., Yordon, R.E., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2011). The evolution of meta-    analytic trends: Comparisons across data collection intervals through a specific case context. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 55, 1380-1384. Download

Teo, G., Szalma, J.L., & Schmidt, T. (2011). Predicting performance, subjective states, and coping style in a vigilance task: The role of individual differences. Proceedings of the     Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 55, 1467-1471. Download

Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2010). A meta-analytic review of the effects of noise on performance: Moderating effects of task and noise characteristics.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 54, 1660-1664. Download

Szalma, J.L., & Teo, G.W.L. (2010). The joint effect of task characteristics and neuroticism on the performance, workload, and stress of signal detection. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 54, 1052-1056. Download

Teo, G.W.L., & Szalma, J.L. (2010). The effect of spatial and temporal task characteristics on performance, workload, and stress. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 54, 1699-1703. Download

Taylor, G.S., & Szalma, J.L. (2009). The effects of the adaptability and reliability of automation on performance, stress, and workload.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 53, 160-164. Download

Warm, J.S., Finomore, V., Shaw, T.H., Funke, M.E., Hausen, M.J., Matthews, G., Taylor, P.,Vidulich, M.A., Repperger, D.W., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2009). Effects training with knowledge of results on diagnosticity in vigilance performance.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 53, 1066-1070. Download

Ross, J.M., Szalma, J.L., Hancock, P.A., Barnett, J.S., & Taylor, G. (2008). The effect of      automation reliability on user automation trust and reliance in a search-and-rescue scenario. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 52, 1340-1344. Download

Szalma, J.L., Hancock, P.A., & Quinn, S. (2008). A meta-analysis of the effect of time pressure on human performance. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 52, 1513-1516. Download

Szalma, J.L., Thropp, J.E., & Hancock, P.A. (2008). Combining spatial and temporal task   demands: Effects on performance, workload, and stress. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 52, 1238-1242. Download

Ross, J.M., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2007).  Empirical examination of trust in      automation across multiple agents in a search and rescue operation.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 51, 1501-1505. Download

Conway, G., Szalma, J.L., Saxton, B., & Hancock, P.A. (2006). The effects of whole-body   vibration on human performance: A meta-analytic examination. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 50, 1741-1745. Download

Ross, J.M., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2006). A meta-analysis of performance under   thermal stress. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 50, 1736-1740. Download

Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2006).  Performance, workload, and stress in vigilance: The power of choice. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 50, 1609-1613. Download

Szalma, J.L., Oron-Gilad, T., Saxton, B., & Hancock, P.A. (2006). Application of fuzzy signal detection theory to the discrimination of morphed tank images. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 50, 1716-1720. Download

Delos Santos, K., Stafford, S., Szalma, J., Oron-Gilad, & T., Hancock, P. (2005). Evaluation of threat by police officers: Initial findings.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 49, 846-849. Download

Burke, K., Szalma, J., Oron-Gilad, T., Duley, A., & Hancock, P.A. (2005). Testing the efficiency and effectiveness of soldier performance under increasing task demand. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 49, 2119-2123. Download

Greenwood-Ericksen, A., Oron-Gilad, T., Szalma, J.L., Stafford, S., & Hancock, P.A. (2004). Workload and performance: A field evaluation in a police shooting range.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 48, 1953-1957. Download

Murphy, L., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2004). Comparison of fuzzy signal detection and traditional signal detection theory: Analysis of duration discrimination of brief light flashes.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 48, 2494-2498. Download

Ross, J.M., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2004). The impact of dispositional optimism and pessimism on stress as a function of psychophysical task characteristics.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 48, 1233-1237. Download

Stafford, S.C., Oron-Gilad, T., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2004). Individual differences related to shooting performance in a police night-training shooting exercise. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 48, 1131-1135. Download

Thropp, J.E., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2004). Performance operating characteristics for spatial and temporal discriminations: Common or separate capacities?  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 48, 1880-1884. Download

Ganey, H.C.N., Szalma, J.L., Hancock, P.A., Mouloua, M., Connolly, A., Dalton, J., & Davis, F. (2003). The role of choice and individual differences in the mitigation of noise and task stressors in vigilance. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 47, 1078-1081. Download

Murphy, L., Szalma, J.L., & Hancock, P.A. (2003). Comparison of fuzzy signal detection and traditional signal detection theory: Approaches to performance measurement. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 47, 1967-1971. Download

Ross, J.M., Szalma, J.L., Thropp, J.E., & Hancock, P.A. (2003). Performance, workload, and stress correlates of temporal and spatial task demands. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 47, 1712-1716. Download

Stafford, S.C., Szalma, J.L., Hancock, P.A., & Mouloua, M. (2003). Application of fuzzy signal detection theory to vigilance:  The effect of criterion shifts. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 47, 1678-1682. Download

Thropp, J.E., Szalma, J.L., Ross, J.M., & Hancock, P.A. (2003).  Individual differences in dispositional pessimism, stress, and coping as a function of task type. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 47, 1073-1077. Download

Ward, P., Hancock, P.A., Ganey, H.C.N., & Szalma, J.L. (2003). Naturalistic driving: User and task analysis.  Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design, 70-72. Download

Hancock, P.A., Ganey, H.C.N., & Szalma, J.L. (2002). Performance under stress: A re-evaluation of a foundational law of psychology. Proceedings of the 23rd Army Science Conference, Orlando FL.

Hancock, P.A., Szalma, J.L., & Weaver (2002). The distortion of perceptual space-time under stress.  Proceedings of the 23rd Army Science Conference, Orlando FL.

Hancock, P.A., Ward, P., Szalma, J.L., Stafford, S., & Ganey, H.C.N. (2002). Stress and human information processing: A descriptive framework presented in a novel manner. Proceedings of the 23rd Army Science Conference, Orlando FL.

Szalma, J.L. (2002). Workload and stress of configural displays in vigilance tasks.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 46, 1536-1540. Download

Szalma, J.L. (2002). Individual differences in the stress and workload of sustained attention.  Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 46, 1002-1006. Download

Szalma, J.L., Parsons, K.S., Warm, J.S., & Dember, W.N. (2000).  Continuous vs. partial knowledge of results in training for vigilance.  Proceedings of the XIVth Triennial Congress of the International Ergonomics Association and the Human Factors Society, 44, (pp. 3-386 – 3-389).

Szalma, J.L., Warm, J.S., Matthews, G., Dember, W.N., Weiler, E.M., Meier, A., & Eggemeier, F.T. (1999) Sensory determinants of workload and stress in sustained attention. Proceedingsof the Human Factors Society, 43, 1289-1293. Download

Thesis and Dissertation

Szalma, J. L., (1999). Sensory and temporal determinants of workload and stress in sustained attention. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, University of Cincinnati. Cincinnati, OH. Download

Szalma, J. L., (1997). Intraclass and interclass transfer in training for vigilance. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of Cincinnati. Cincinnati, OH. Download