Publications and Presentations

Dr. Wright’s research in areas other than fake news and popular music are outlined below. 

Publications

“Black Ish”: Disparagement Comedy and Consumer Attitudes toward African Americans

Dr. Wright and students Tina Ho, Elizabeth Raatma, and Megan Tompkins examined racial comedy and participants’ level of racism and attitudes toward African Americans using an experimental design. It was hypothesized that exposure to disparagement humor would negatively influence viewers’ attitudes regarding African Americans. Additionally, a primary goal of the study was to examine a mediational model between race and exposure to disparagement racial comedy, ethnocentrism, and racism. Participants included 245 male and female college students who were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions where they viewed either (1) positive stereotypical portrayals of African Americans, (2) negative stereotypical portrayals of African Americans, or (3) no videos. Participants then completed measures of symbolic racism, pro-black and anti-black attitudes, and ethnocentrism. Results indicated that those who were primed with racial humor reported higher levels of anti-black attitudes and ethnocentrism. Those who were primed with disparagement racial comedy reported higher levels of symbolic racism and pro-black attitudes. Results of the Test of Joint Significance confirmed the mediational model in that white participants who viewed racial humor reported higher levels of ethnocentrism, which was then associated with higher levels of symbolic racism and anti-black attitudes.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L., Ho, T., Raatma, E., & Tompkins, M. (2019). “Black Ish”: Disparagement comedy and consumer attitudes toward African AmericansMedia Psychology Review, 13(2).

Media Influences on Perception of Driving Risk and Behaviors of Adolescents and Emerging Adults

Dr. Wright and student Kelly Silberman examined the impact of exposure to dangerous driving behaviors via media on the perception of driving risk and driving behaviors by assessing 1,356 male and female college students between the ages of 17 and 25. It was hypothesized that (a) increased media exposure to dangerous driving behaviors would be related to positive attitudes regarding risky driving behaviors as well as engaging in such behaviors and (b) media exposures would be related to participant attitudes, which, in turn, would be related to participants driving behaviors. Results of hierarchical regression analyses confirmed that media exposure to dangerous driving behaviors were related to attitudes regarding driving and driving behaviors, while controlling for participant age and gender, with self reported movie exposure playing a greater role than self reported exposure via video games. A Test of Joint Significance confirmed that media exposure to dangerous driving behaviors were related to participants attitudes regarding driving, which, in turn, were associated with reported driving behaviors. Theoretical explanations are discussed.

Kelly’s original Honors in the Major Thesis was presented at the APS. Kelly graduated from UCF in 2015 and was accepted into the graduate program in social work at Florida State University.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L., & Silberman, K. (2018). Media Influence on Perception of Driving Risk and Behaviors of Adolescents and Emerging Adults. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 54, 290-298.

“Boy’s Club”: Examining Sexist Humor on Types of Sexism and Femininity Ideology Using Two Research Approaches

Dr. Wright and students Taylor DeFrancesco, Carissa Hamilton, and Natasha Vashist examined sexist humor and participants’ level of sexism and femininity ideology using two research approaches: (1) a quasi-experimental design in which participants were primed with sexist humor and (2) a correlational approach using content analysis to estimate exposure to sexist humor in media. It was hypothesized that exposure to sexist humor would influence viewer’s sexist views and femininity ideology. It was also hypothesized that the quasi-experimental design would yield confirmatory results of the initial hypothesis while the correlational design would not. Participants included 1,559 male and female college students who were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions (viewed sexist humor, viewed non-sexist humor, viewed no videos) and then answered questions related to sexism and femininity ideology followed by general demographic items and media viewing preferences. Results confirmed that the quasi-experimental design, in comparison to the correlational design, yielded more confirmatory results in that those exposed to sexist humor had higher scores on all outcome measures examined. Limitations of priming and content analysis are discussed as well as directions for future research in this area.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L., DeFrancesco, T., Hamilton, C., & Vashist, N. (2018). “Boy’s Club”: Examining Sexist Humor on Types of Sexism and Femininity Ideology Using Two Research Approaches. HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research, 31, 129-150.

Time and money explain social class differences in students’ social integration at university

Dr. Rubin from the University of Newcastle in Australia and Dr. Wright collaborated to investigate two potential reasons for why working-class students tend to be less socially integrated at university than middle-class students. One potential reason is that working-class students may have fewer finances available to participate in social activities. A second potential reason is that working-class students tend to be older than middle-class students and, consequently, are likely to have more work and/or childcare commitments. These additional commitments may prevent them from attending campus which, in turn, reduces their opportunity for social integration. These predictions were confirmed among undergraduate students at an Australian university and a USA university. Strategies for increasing working-class students’ social integration at university are discussed.

For further information please see the following article:

Rubin, M., & Wright, C. L. (2017). Time and money explain social class differences in students’ social integration at university. Studies in Higher Education, 42,
315-330.

The Media Scapegoat and Mom’s Mouth: Influences on Swearing

Dr. Wright and student Jasmin Mokbel examined the relationship between swearing acceptance and media and family influences by assessing 763 male and female college students. Participants completed an online questionnaire and answered a series of questions related to their personality characteristics, religiosity, and swearing histories and attitudes. Participants reported being most frequently exposed to swearing from their mothers followed by media sources. Swearing acceptance varied as a function of the Big Five personality characteristics as well as religiosity. The extent to which media and family influences related to swearing acceptance through potential mediating factors of personality characteristics and religiosity was assessed with structural equation modeling. Overall, the model was able to explain some of the relationship between media and family influences and the swearing acceptance of participants.

Jasmin’s original Honors in the Major Thesis was presented at the WRUS, SURE, and APS. Jasmin graduated from UCF in Spring of 2013 and was accepted into the Master’s program in mental health counseling at Nova Southeastern University.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L., & Mokbel, J. (2016). The Media Scapegoat and Mom’s Mouth: Influences on Swearing. Sage OPEN, DOI: 10.1177/2158244016651911

Age Differences Explain Social Class Differences in Students’ Friendship at University: Implications for Transition and Retention

Dr. Rubin from the University of Newcastle in Australia and Dr. Wright collaborated to test the hypotheses that working-class students have fewer friends at university than middle-class students and that this social class difference occurs because working-class students tend to be older than middle-class students. A sample of 376 first-year undergraduate students from an Australian university completed an online survey that contained measures of social class and age as well as quality and quantity of actual and desired friendship at university. Consistent with predictions, age differences significantly mediated social class differences in friendship. Potential policy implications for improving working-class students’ level of friendship at university are discussed, and implications for student transition and retention are considered.

For further information please see the following article:

Rubin, M., & Wright, C. L. (2015). Age differences explain social class differences in students’ friendship at university: Implications for transition and retention. Higher Education, 70, 427-439. doi: 10.1007/s10734-014-9844-8

Sexual Behaviors of Hispanic Emerging Adults: Examining the Immigrant Paradox

This study examined the immigrant paradox regarding risky sexual behaviors of Hispanic emerging adults from a social learning perspective. It was theorized that the immigrant paradox could partially be explained by the influence of music lyrical content. Participants included Hispanic emerging adults from South America, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central America, and Mexico. Results indicated that Hip Hop music contained more references to sexual content than R&B and Pop music genres. Male participants engaged in unsupervised dating activities earlier than female participants. However, females reported more dating partners than males. Results from hierarchical regression analyses confirmed that lyrical content in music could partially explain the sexual behaviors of Hispanic emerging adults.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L. (2014). Sexual behaviors of Hispanic emerging adults: Examining the immigrant paradox. Marriage & Family Review, 50,246-268.

Parental Absence, Academic Competence, and Expectations in Latino Immigrant Youth

Dr. Wright’s Dissertation was awarded the Dissertation Year Fellowship Award from Florida International University in 2010 and was recently accepted for publication in the Journal of Family Issues. With the guidance of Dr. Mary Levitt, Professor and then Chair of the Psychology department at Florida International University, the investigation examined academic outcomes as a function of parental absence among newly immigrant Latino youth from Argentina, Cuba, and Columbia, specifically focusing on parental absence as a result of serial migration.

Participants who experienced parental absence reported lower achievement expectations. Additionally, parental death, prolonged parental absence, and serial migration negatively impacted the academic competence and expectations of students. The extent to which parental absence related to competence and expectations through potential mediating factors was assessed with structural equation modeling. Results indicated that the effects of parental absence on academic competence and expectations was mediated through economic hardship, school support, and parental involvement.

In focusing on the effects of parental absence on immigrant children and adolescents, Dr. Wright’s dissertation research bridged two bodies of research, one on the general effects of parent absence and single parenthood on academic outcomes and the other on the academic achievement of Latino immigrant students. The study identified economic hardship and school support as key mediators of the effects of parental absence on academic competence and expectations.  It also revealed that the commonly experienced absence of a parent, or both parents, as a consequence of migration is linked to academic outcomes, especially for pre-adolescents. This information should be helpful to those involved in the education of immigrant students and has broad significance, given that immigrants from Latino countries are currently the fastest growing immigrant population in the U.S.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L., & Levitt, M. J. (2014). Parental Absence, Academic Competence, and Expectations in Latino Immigrant Youth. Journal of Family Issues, 35, 1754-1779.

Dating Behavior Variations in Central American, Cuban, and South American College Students

Dr. Wright has examined the influence of geographical region, generational status, and gender on the dating behaviors of Latino college students from Central America, Cuba,

and South America. The main premise was that using the term ‘Latino’ to examine immigrants from over 20 different Latin-American countries was not sufficient in drawing conclusions regarding these groups.

Dr. Wright found significant differences in the dating behaviors of participants. Those from Central America began dating later than those from Cuba and South America. Variations in age when parents allowed dating was accounted for by geographic region, gender of the child, and generational status. There was a gendered difference in age at first date in that males went on their first date earlier than females. Age at first date was also predicted by when parents first allowed dating.  Age at first sexual encounter was impacted by geographic region, age when parents first allowed dating, and age at first date. This study demonstrates the need to examine Latino immigrants by geographical region instead of grouping immigrants from over 20 different countries under the term ‘Latino.’

This study was just published in a journal housed in Brazil and was translated and published in three different languages.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L. (2013). Dating Behavior Variations in Central American, Cuban, and South American College Students.  Revista Latino-Americana de Geografia e Gênero (Latin-American Journal of Geography and Gender), 4, 86-102.

The English version of the article can be accessed here.

So Many Theories, So Little Time: An Examination of Theories on the Intergenerational Transmission of Relationship Instability

Because there are so many theories used to explain the intergenerational transmission of relationship instability, Dr. Wright tested four of these theories among emerging adults from intact and divorced homes. The theories were also examined based on racial and ethnic background of participants.

Evolutionary theory proved to be the best explanation as it was able to explain relationship
behaviors when examining all participants simultaneously, and some behaviors when examining participants separately. Life-course adversity and father-absent theory were able to explain early reproductive behaviors among White participants. For Black participants, age at first boy/girlfriend could be explained by social-learning, life-course adversity, and father-absent theory. None of the theories examined were able to explain the relationship behaviors of Hispanic participants.

This research is important because it demonstrates the usefulness of theoretical perspectives. Some theories may best explain the behaviors of White, while other theories are better able to explain the behaviors of African-Americans.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L. (2011). So many theories, so little time: An examination of theories on the intergenerational transmission of relationship instability. Marriage & Family Review, 47, 235-263.

Intimate Relationship Behaviors of Cuban Male College Students

Dr. Wright has also examined influence of acculturation and religiosity on the intimate relationship behaviors of Cuban males. While research has examined the intimate relationships of Latinos, little research has isolated Cuban males for further investigation.

Cuban males whose parents allowed them to date at an early age, went on their first date and had their first girlfriend similar to the age when parents allowed dating, and had their first sexual encounter within three years of dating initiation. Religiosity impacted when parents allowed dating and first sexual encounter of youth. Acculturation impacted
age at initial dating, first girlfriend, and first sexual encounter. Cuban males who were less acculturated to American society were at an increased risk of early dating behaviors and early sexual activity.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L. (2011). Intimate Relationship Behaviors of Cuban Male College Students. Journal of Men, Masculinity, and Spirituality, 5, 97-113.

Family Structure Variations and Intimate Relationships in Adult Children

Dr. Wright’s first published article examined the dating behaviors and relationship attitudes among emerging adults from continuously intact families, terminated parental cohabiting unions, and divorced homes. Results indicated that those from terminated parental cohabitating unions and divorced homes differed in their experience with parental absence. Differences were also found across all three groups for dating behaviors and relationship attitudes.

Participants from cohabiting unions were the youngest at their first crush, had more dating partners, more cohabiting relationships, more of a desire to end their current relationship, more positive attitudes about cohabitation and out-of-wedlock births, and more negative attitudes regarding marriage than the other two groups. Results also indicated that gender, racial identification, length of father absence, and amount of father involvement was predictive of dating behaviors and relationship attitudes for those from parental cohabiting unions.

For further information please see the following article:

Wright, C. L. (2010). Family Structure Variations and Intimate Relationships in Adult Children.  The New School Psychology Bulletin, 8, 16-29.

Presentations

Gregerson, M., Wright, C. L., Cohen, A., DeGraba, T., Vaudreuil, R., Maguire, L., Strong, V., & Parker, K. (2019). Neuroscience of music cognition and of music therapy – advances in mind body medicine. American Psychological Association.

Wright, C. L., Poffenroth, M., Hogg, J. L., Plante, T., Bray, J., & Rich, G. (2019). Landing your first academic position. American Psychological Association.

Duarte, J., & Wright, C. L(2017). The effect of social media on sexual cognitions and behaviors. Southeastern Psychological Association.

Stringer, O., & Wright, C. L. (2017). Politcal orientations and music preferences among college aged adults. Southeastern Psychological Association.

Little, K., & Wright, C. L. (2016). Social class, gender, and substance use among college students. Association for Psychological Science.

Vahabovic, B., & Wright, C. L. (2016). Family struggles and substance use among first generation college students. Association for Psychological Science.

Simpson, E., Duarte, J., Bishop, B., & Wright, C. L. (2016). Family and Peer Influences on the Frequency of Swearing. Association for Psychological Science.

Vashist, N., & Wright, C. L. (May, 2015). The effect of misogynistic humor on the perception of women. Association for Psychological Science.

Silberman, K., & Wright, C. L. (May, 2014). Media Influences on Risky Driving Behaviors among Adolescents and Emerging Adults. Association for Psychological Science.

Finch, B., Lopez, H., Schafer, J., & Wright, C. L. (August, 2014). Pauperism in America: Long-term Effects of Childhood Poverty on Caucasian Young Adults. American Psychological Association.

Dierking, S., Brandt, J., Charles, S., & Wright, C. L.(May, 2013). Cultural Aspects of American Society and Attitudes toward Immigrants. Association for Psychological Science.

Thally, R., & Wright, C. L. (May, 2013). A Dialogical Approach of Identity Salience and the Academic Performance of Nontraditional College Students. Association for Psychological Science.

Lopez, H., & Wright, C. L. (May, 2013). Effects of Father Involvement on Attitudes toward Marriage among Hispanic Young Adults. Association for Psychological Science.

Brandt, J., Harvey, V., Evans, S., & Wright, C. L. (May, 2013). First Love: The Formative Years. Association for Psychological Science.

Mokbel, J., & Wright, C. L. (May, 2013). Profanity’s Relationship to Personality and Personal Beliefs. Association for Psychological Science.

Wilson, N., Williams, R., White, K., & Wright, C. L. (May, 2013). The Co-occurance of Prejudice: Racism and Sexism. Association for Psychological Science.

Rubin, M. & Wright, C. L. (May, 2013). Social Class Differences in University Students’ Social Integration. Association for Psychological Science.

Wright, C. L., Qureshi, E., Cassidy, C., & Garth, K. (2012). Organized Religion  Membership and Spiritual Beliefs. Society for Research in Adult Development.

Wright, C. L.; Garth, K., Qureshi, E., & Cassidy, C. (2012). Predicting Attitudes and Actions Toward Immigrants. Society for Research in Adult Development.

Bennett, R. & Wright, C. L. (2012). Bridging the gap: Generational perspectives on Latino acculturation and early intimate relationships. Society for Research in Adult Development.

Wright, C. L. & Jackson, T. (2012). Family structure variations in sexual behaviors. Society for Research in Adult Development.

Wright, C. L.; Cassidy, C.; Garth, K.; & Qureshi, E. (2012). Predictors of Immigration Attitudes among White Anglo/European College Students. American Psychological Association.

Wright, C. L. (2012). Influence of Religiosity and Acculturation on the Courtship Behaviors of Hispanic Emerging Adults. American Psychological Association.

Recent RA Presentations

Hynson, E. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright) (April, 2019). Academic competence, self-efficacy, and achievement expectations among international students at the University of Central Florida. Showcase for Undergraduate Research Excellence. 

Stringer, O. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (February, 2017). The Sound of Politics: Political Orientations and Music Preferences Among College Aged Adults. Florida Undergraduate Research Conference (also presented at the Showcase for Undergraduate Research Excellence)

Simpson, E., Duarte, J., & Bishop, B. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (April, 2016). Family and peer influence on the frequency of swearing. Showcase for Undergraduate Research Excellence (also presented at the Florida Undergraduate Research Conference, Western Region Undergraduate Showcase, and the UCF Palm Bay Psychology Major Conference)

Vashist, V. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (February, 2015). Effect of misogynistic humor on the perception of women. Florida Undergraduate Research Conference (also presented at the Psychology Conference, Showcase for Undergraduate Research Conference, Western Region Undergraduate Showcase, and the Undergraduate Psychology Conference)

Bond, P., Gebben, A., Harpold, B., Higgins, C., & Ross, A. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (November, 2014). The relationship between drug use and risky sexual behaviors among college students. Western Region Undergraduate Showcase.

Sullivan, M. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (November, 2014). Testing the effectiveness of an online 8-week mindfulness program on perceived student stress. Western Region Undergraduate Showcase.

Craske, M., Small, A., & White, C. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (April, 2014). Peer vs. Parental Influence on the Acceptability of Profanity. Showcase for Undergraduate Research Excellence (also presented at the Florida Undergraduate Research Conference and the Western Region Undergraduate Showcase).

Craske, M., Small, A., & White, C. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (April, 2014). The Effects of the Big Five on College Performance and GPA. Showcase for Undergraduate Research Excellence (also presented at the Florida Undergraduate Research Conference and the Western Region Undergraduate Showcase).

Shafer, J., Lopez, H., & Finch, B. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (April, 2014). Pauperism in America: Long-term effects of childhood poverty on Caucasian young adults. Showcase for Undergraduate Research Excellence (also presented at the Florida Undergraduate Research Conference).

Rosales, S., & Zamora, L. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (April, 2014). Factors that contribute to the education levels of minority students. Showcase for Undergraduate Research Excellence (also presented at the Florida Undergraduate Research Conference)

Zamora, L., & Rosales, S. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (April, 2014). Exposure of profanity in childhood increases the use of profanity in adulthood. Showcase for Undergraduate Research Excellence (also presented at the Florida Undergraduate Research Conference and the Western Region Undergraduate Showcase)

Craske, M. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (April, 2014). Music’s normalization influence on risky sexual behaviors. Showcase for Undergraduate Research Excellence (also presented at the Florida Undergraduate Research Conference and the Western Region Undergraduate Showcase)

Henderson, S., Requeiro, N., & Schafer, J. (mentor Dr. Chrysalis Wright). (November, 2013). Influence of Cohabitation and Mundane Language. Western Region Undergraduate Showcase.

All content Copyright © 2011 Media & Migration Lab, Dr. Chrysalis Wright