Theory of Antiferromagnet-Based Detector of Terahertz Frequency Signals

A theory of a detector of terahertz-frequency signals based on an anisotropic antiferromagnetic (AFM) crystal is developed. The conversion of a THz-frequency electromagnetic signal into the DC voltage is realized using the inverse spin Hall effect in an antiferromagnet/heavy metal bilayer. An additional bias DC magnetic field can be used to tune the antiferromagnetic resonance frequency. We show that if a uniaxial AFM is used, the detection of linearly polarized signals is possible only for a non-zero DC magnetic field, while circularly polarized signals can be detected in a zero DC magnetic field. In contrast, a detector based on a biaxial AFM can be used without a bias DC magnetic field for the rectification of both linearly and circularly polarized signals. The sensitivity of a proposed AFM detector can be increased by increasing the magnitude of the bias magnetic field, or by decreasing the thickness of the AFM layer. We believe that the presented results will be useful for the practical development of tunable, sensitive and portable spintronic detectors of THz-frequency signals based on the antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR).

This article has been published in Magnetochemistry and is available here.