Michael Mousseau (Ph.D. Binghamton University 1998) studies international politics with a particular focus on the link between economic conditions, institutions, and conflict. He is the creator of economic norms theory, which identifies how sustained and equal opportunity in a market can create popular interests in liberal democracy, and cause peace within and among nations. Prior to coming to UCF in 2013, Mousseau taught for fifteen years at Koç University in Istanbul, Turkey, and has been a research fellow at the United Nations Studies Program, Yale University (2003); the Belfer Center International Security Program, Harvard University (2005 – 2006); and the Saltzman Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University (2010-2011). Articles have appeared in Conflict Management and Peace Science (2005, 2018), Democratization (2016), European Journal of International Relations (2003), International Interactions (2002, 2010), International Security (2002/03, 2003, 2009, 2019), International Studies Quarterly (2003, 2012, 2013), Journal of Conflict Resolution (1998, 2000), and the Journal of Peace Research (1997, 1999, 2008, 2011).
See here for how several years of back-packing through the Middle East (1984; 1991), Central America (1985-86, 1987), the Soviet Union (1991), East Africa (1991), India (1992), and the Far East (1992) laid the foundations for economic norms theory.
Articles & Book Chapters
- “The End of War: How a Robust Marketplace and Liberal Hegemony Are Leading to Perpetual World Peace,” International Security, Vol. 44, No. 1 (Summer 2019), pp. 160-196, doi.org/10.1162/ISEC_a_00352.
- “Grasping the Scientific Evidence: The Contractualist Peace Supersedes the Democratic Peace”, Conflict Management and Peace Science, Vol. 35, No. 2 (2018), pp. 175-192. Replication Files. Minor Correction to Article. Results Using updated CINE version 2016.
- “How the Contractualist Peace Overtook the Democratic Peace” (with Xiongwei Cao), Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics, Oxford University Press, 2017.
- “Why Some Countries are Immune from the Resource Curse” (with Erdem Aytac and Omer Orsun), Democratization, Vol. 23, No. 1 (2016), pp. 71-92.
- “Does the Market-Capitalist Peace Supersede the Democratic Peace? The Evidence Still Says Yes” (with Omer Orsun and Jameson Ungerer) in Gerald Schneider and Nils Petter Gleditsch (editors), Assessing the Capitalist Peace, Routledge, 2013. Supplementary Online AppendixReplication files.
- “Capitalism and Peace: It’s Keynes, not Hayek” (with Omer Orsun, Jameson Ungerer, and Demet Yalcin Mousseau) in Gerald Schneider and Nils Petter Gleditsch (editors), Assessing the Capitalist Peace, Routledge, 2013. Replication files
- “The Democratic Peace Unraveled: It’s the Economy”, International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 57, No. 1 (March 2013), pp. 186–197. Replication files.
- “Capitalist Development and Civil War”, International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 56, No. 3 (September 2012), pp. 470-483. Replication files.
- “A Market-Capitalist or a Democratic Peace?” in John Vasquez, What Do We Know About War? 2nd Edition, Rowman and Littlefield, 2012.
- “Urban Poverty and Support for Islamist Terror: Survey Results from Muslims in Fourteen Countries,” Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 48, No. 1 (January 2011), pp. 35-47. Replication files
- “Commentaries: The Capitalist Peace,” (with Richard Rosecrance, Bruce Russett and Erich Weede), International Interactions, Vol. 36, No. 2 (2010), pp. 185-192.
- “The Social Market Roots of Democratic Peace,” International Security, Vol. 33. No. 44 (Spring 2009), pp. 52-86. Replication files.
- “The Contracting Roots of Human Rights,” (with Demet Mousseau), Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 45. No. 3 (May 2008), pp. 327-344. Replication files.
- “Comparing New Theory with Prior Beliefs: Market Civilization and the Democratic Peace,” Conflict Management and Peace Science, Vol. 22, No. 1 (Spring 2005), pp. 63-77.
- “Terrorism and Export Economies: The Dark Side of Free Trade”, in The Making of a Terrorist: Recruitment, Training, and Root Causes, Volume III, edited by James Forest. Praeger Publishers (November 2005).
- “The Nexus of Market Society, Liberal Preferences, and Democratic Peace: Interdisciplinary Theory and Evidence,” International Studies Quarterly, Vol. 47, No. 3 (September 2003), pp. 483-510.
- “How the Wealth of Nations Conditions the Liberal Peace” (with John R. Oneal and Håvard Hegre), European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 9, No. 2 (June 2003), pp. 277-314.
- “Correspondence: The Sources of Terrorism” (with Charles Knight and Melissa Murphy), International Security, Vol. 28, No. 2 (Fall 2003), pp. 192-198.
- “Market Civilization and its Clash with Terror,” International Security, Vol. 27, No. 3 (Winter 2002-03), pp. 5-29.
- “Globalization, Markets, and Democracy: An Anthropological Linkage”, in Globalization and Civilizations, edited by Mehdi Mozaffari. London: Routledge (August 2002), pp. 97-124.
- “An Economic Limitation to the Zone of Democratic Peace and Cooperation,” International Interactions, Vol. 28, No. 2 (April 2002), pp. 137-164.
- “Market Prosperity, Democratic Consolidation, and Democratic Peace,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 44, No. 4 (August 2000), pp. 472-507.
- “A Test for Reverse Causality in the Democratic Peace Relationship” (with Yuhang Shi), Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 36, No. 6 (November 1999), pp. 639-663.
- “Democracy and Compromise in Militarized Interstate Conflicts, 1816–1992,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol. 42, No. 2 (April 1998), pp. 210-230.
- “Democracy and Militarized Interstate Collaboration,” Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 34, No. 1 (February 1997), pp. 73-87.
- The Evolution of Strategy: Thinking of War from Antiquity to the Present. Beatrice Heuser (Cambridge: Cambridge, 2010). Perspectives in Politics, Vol. 10, No. 4 (December 2012), pp. 1117-1118.
- Violence and Social Orders: A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human History. Douglass North, John Joseph Wallis & Barry R. Weingast (NY: Cambridge, 2009). Journal of Peace Research, Vol. 48, No. 1 (February 2011), pp. 132-133.
- Puzzles of the Democratic Peace. Karen Rasler & William Thompson (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005). International Studies Review, Vol. 9, No. 1 (Spring 2007), pp. 93-95.
- Falling Terrorism and Rising Conflicts: The Afghan Contribution to Polarization and Confrontation in West and South Asia. Hooman Peimani (Westport: Praeger, 2003). Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 38, No. 3 (April 2005), pp. 327-329.
Contract Intensity of National Economies (CINE), Version Mar-2019
The Contract Intensity of National Economies (CINE) data are designed to gauge non-self-enforcing contract flows in nations, meaning contract flows that require third-party enforcement. The data are aggregated annually with coverage for most years of every non-micro sovereign nation identified by the Correlates of War project, 172 countries from 1920 to 2010. The data and codebook can be obtained at the Harvard Dataverse page at Mousseau, Michael, 2019, “Contract Intensity of National Economies (CINE), Version Mar-2019”, https://dataverse.harvard.edu/dataset.xhtml?persistentId=doi:10.7910/DVN/8RPC9E.
The CINE data can also be obtained here, along with the source data and Stata do file.
Citation: Michael Mousseau (2019), “The End of War: How a Robust Marketplace and Liberal Hegemony Are Leading to Perpetual World Peace,” International Security, Vol, 44, No. 1 (Summer 2019), pp. 160–196, doi.org/10.1162/ISEC_a_00352.
Four Ways We Know Democracy Does Not Cause Peace
Paper presented at the 18th Annual Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference, 24-26 June 2019, The Hague.
In the News
Observation of Democratic peace
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