Dr. TOYNE (Since 2012)
- Toyne is a bioarchaeologist who has developed research projects examining prehistoric life with a primary focus in South American Peru. She is current working with bioarchaeological samples from various collaborations around the world examining paleodiet and paleomobility in the past. Human bone, teeth, and hair samples come from distinct burial contexts and cultures. Animal remains (bone and hair) are selected from food refuse deposits and the sites and are used to reconstruct the stable isotope variation available as food sources in the environment; create food webs used by humans.
- These exciting research projects help us understand how individuals of different social status had access to different foods, how different ecological contexts and cultural environments influence food strategies and population movement.
- New projects also include work with forensic applications and experimental protocols for sampling strategies.
- Archaeological Sites:
- Peru, South America –
- Túcume – Dr. Toyne has ongoing stable isotope projects at the north coastal site of Túcume (occupied from ~1000 to 1535 AD), where she has been site osteologist for over 20 years. Various cemetery contexts have been excavated providing unique projects for examining dietary and population variation across the site. Most interesting have been the distinct types of human sacrifices and offerings recovered from sacred contexts.
- Chachapoyas region of the eastern highlands – Dr. Toyne has be an associated investigator and osteologist working with colleagues at Kuelap since 2004. A large selection of samples have been collected to explore the dietary variation at this unique monumental site. In collaboration with other archaeologists, various Chachapoya sites have also been sampled to increase the understanding of regional variation, including Revash, La Petaca, Monte Viudo, and Purunllacta de Soloco. A new project looking at colonial transitions will advance our understanding of early historical life in Chachapoyas.
- Huacas de Moche, on the northern coast, along with local archaeologists we are investigating dietary and mobility variation among sacrificed individuals and burials from the urban core.
- Croatia –
- Nadin-Gradina – Dr. Toyne was invited to work with materials from recent excavations at the near coastal hillfort site of Nadin-Gradina. The project excavations and investigations are run by the University of Zadar, Dr. Martina Čedhar and SUNY-New Paltz, Dr. Ken Nystrom. New tombs and burials have produced materials for stable isotope analysis of diet and mobility.
- Avar Period – In collaboration with Dr. Mario Novak at the Institute for Anthropological Research, Zagreb, we are working on continental sites and osteological materials that date to the Avar period (Early Medieval). We will explore the reconstruction of diet and mobility from various archaeological contexts, with an express focus on the impact of settlement transitions and migration on childhood and adult health.
- Northern Ireland – Dr. Toyne is currently also collaborating with colleagues at Queen’s University, Belfast, to investigate stable isotope variation from sites along the coast during the Medieval period in Kilroot Co.
Dr. DUPRAS (since 2000)
- Dupras has conducted bioarchaeological research in several countries around the world focused on basic skeletal analysis, paleopathological analysis, and stable isotope analysis in order to interpret life history.
- Archaeological sites:
- Dakhleh Oasis – Dr. Dupras has been part of the Dakhleh Oasis Project since 1995. The oasis is located in the western desert of Egypt. The fundamental aim of the project is to understand human adaptation in a harsh ecozone. Within the Oasis itself, Dr. Dupras’ team has focused on analyses of human remains from the sites of Roman-Christian (1st through 7th century) sites of Kellis, Amheida, and Dayr Abu Matta.
- Dayr al Barsha – Located on the east bank of the Nile in central Egypt, the site of Dayr al Barsha contains cemeteries from the pre-dynastic through to the Roman period. Dr. Dupras was an active member of the team from 2004 to 2012. The focus of the bioanthropological research is on skeletal and paleopathological analysis.
- Sai Island – Located in northern Sudan, Sai Island hold archaeological evidence of occupation from the pre-Kerma through to modern occupation. Dr. Dupras has been working with the Sai Island mission since 2015, with a focus on the excavation of two elite Meroitic cemeteries (250BC-200AD). The bioarchaeological team is focused on skeletal and pathological analysis, stable isotope analysis, and DNA analysis.
- Sedienga – Located in northern Sudan is the elite Meroitic cemetery of Sedienga. Dupras has been involved in the stable isotope analysis of human and non-human remains from this site.
- Lithuania – Dr. Dupras is collaborating with faculty from Vilnius University on the stable isotopic analysis of human and animal remains from a variety of sites ranging from the Neolithic through to the 18th century (sites such as Plinkaigalis, Alytus, Napoleonic soldiers, and the Vilnius Cathedral).
- France – Dr. Dupras is collaborating with faculty from Aix-Marseille University on the stable isotope analysis of human and non-human remains from several Medieval period sites in southern France, including St. Jean de Todon, Alamanarre, and St. Victor-la-Coste.
- Hungary – Dr. Dupras is collaborating with one of her former graduate students on stable isotope projects from Medieval Hungary.
- Flores, Indonesia – Dupras has collaborated on a long-term project conducting stable isotope analysis on the human and non-human remains from the Liang Bau cave on Flores.
LIST OF PAST STUDENT RESEARCH PROJECTS
- 2021 Erin Martin, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida. M.A. Thesis title: Forensic implications for the diagenetic alteration of the stable isotopic composition of pig ribs following exposure to aqueous conditions.
- 2021 Dylan Smith, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida. M.A. Thesis title: Dietary variation of social elites with a Late Horizon cemetery (A.D. 1470–1532) at Túcume, Peru: Stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic analyses of Huaca Las Abejas
- 2021 Marlon Koci, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida. M.A. Thesis title: Understanding the dietary behavior of a 7-8th century Avar community from Jagodnjak, Croatia, using stable isotope analysis of bone collagen
- 2018 Samantha Michell, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida. M.A. Thesis title: Animals of the Cloud Forest: An isotopic analysis of faunal remains from Kuelap, Peru.
Honors Undergraduate Theses
- 2018 Marley Denierio, HIM Undergraduate Thesis, Dept. of Anthropology, UCF. Project title: Feeding the children: A Paleodietary Reconstruction of Juveniles from Kuelap.
- 2021 Emily Barron, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Identifying Biomarkers of Alzheimer’s Disease from the Dakhleh Oasis Kellis 2 Cemetery using ICP-MS.
- 2020 Brenna Raisor, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Meroitic Childhood diet and Weaning at Sai Island, Sudan: A Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopic Study of Site 8-B-52.B.
- 2019 Alexandria Brock, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; The Elite Meroitic Experience on Sai Island, Sudan: Using Stable Isotope Analysis to Identify Patterns related to Sex and Age for the Interpretation of Social Identity.
- 2019 Rachel Gregoire, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida: Estimation of Weaning Patterns in the Elite Meroitic Population (8-B-5.A) from Sai Island, Sudan using Stable Nitrogen and Carbon Isotopes.
- 2018 Tiffany Lee, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Trace Element Analysis of Human Dentition from the Elite Meroitic Cemetery at Sedeinga, Sudan.
- 2017 Kacie Cole, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Intrinsic Factors Affecting Decomposition Changes in Archaeological Head Hair from Kellis 2 Cemetery, Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt.
- 2016 Jacklyn Rumberger, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Diet and Migration in Coastal Oaxaca: Identifying Effects of Political and Social Collapse through the Utilization of Stable Isotope Analysis. (Co-chair)
- 2016 Abigail Woltering, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Preliminary Investigation into Biological Sex Estimation using Trace Element Analysis in Human Hair.
- 2016 Kaitlin East, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Exploring Social Identity through Stable Isotope Analysis in the Kellis 2 Cemetery.
- 2016 Ariana Gugora, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Childhood Diet and Mobility at Medieval (1240s AD) Solt-Tetelhegy, Hungary as Reconstructed from Stable Carbon, Nitrogen, and Oxygen Isotope Analysis.
- 2016 Kaylee Schotten, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; The Crypt People from the Cathedral Basilica of Saints Stanislaus and Vladislaus, Vilnius, Lithuania: Reconstruction of Life Histories using Stable Isotope Analysis.
- 2014 Katherine Page, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Bioarchaeological Assessment of Diet and Changes in Femoral and Humeral Stable Isotope Values among Subadults at Medieval Alytus, Lithuania.
- 2014 Katie Whitmore, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Diet at Medieval Alytus, Lithuania: Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Analysis of Bone and Dentin Collagen.
- 2013 Sammantha Holder, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Interpreting Diet and Nutritional Stress in Napoleon’s Grand Army using Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Analysis.
- 2013 Jordon Munizzi, Dept of Anthropology, University of Central Florida; Changes in Neolithic Subsistence Patterns on Flores, Indonesia Inferred by Stable Carbon, Nitrogen, and Oxygen Isotope Analyses of Sus from Liang Bua.
- 2012 Noel Johns, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida. Stable Isotopes and Multiple Tissue Analysis: Reconstructing Life Histories for Individuals from the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt.
- 2012 Annie-Laurie Norris, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida. Age as a Factor in Inter-tissue Spacing of Stable Isotope Values in Subadult Human Remains from the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt.
- 2011 Kelly Anderson, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Central Florida. Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Analyses of Subfossil Rats from Liang Bua (Flores, Indonesia).
Honors Undergraduate Theses
- 2015 Serenela Pelier, HIM Undergraduate Thesis, Dept. of Anthropology, UCF. Stable Isotope Evidence for the Geographic Origins and Military Movement of Napoleonic Soldiers during the March from Moscow in 1812.