Seminar Series: Peter Brown, Western University, Canada

“Physical Structure And Origin Of Meter-Sized Earth Impactors”

Based on data from US Government sensors the orbits and ablation characteristics in the atmosphere of over 100 earth-impacting fireballs produced by meteoroids one meter in diameter or larger has been documented.

Using heights at peak luminosity as a proxy for strength, we determine that there is roughly an order of magnitude spread in strengths of the population of meter-scale impactors at the Earth. We use fireballs producing recovered meteorites and well documented fireballs from ground-based camera networks to calibrate our ablation model interpretation of the observed peak height of luminosity as a function of speed. The orbits and physical strength of these objects are consistent with the majority being asteroidal bodies originating from the inner main asteroid belt. We find a lower limit of ~10-15% of our objects have a possible cometary (Jupiter-Family comet and/or Halley-type comet) origin based on orbital characteristics alone. Only half this number, however, also show evidence for weaker than average structure.

Several events have exceptionally high (relative to the remainder of the population) heights of peak brightness. These are physically most consistent with high microporosity objects, though all are on asteroidal-type orbits.

We also find three events, which display comparatively low heights of peak brightness, consistent with strong monolithic stones or iron meteoroids.

Based on orbital similarity, we find a probable connection among several events in our population with the Taurid meteoroid complex; no other major meteoroid streams show probable linkages to the orbits of our meter-scale population. Our impactors cover almost four orders of magnitude in mass, but no trend in height of peak brightness as a function of mass is evident, suggesting no strong trend in strength with size for meter-sized NEOs.

The presentation can be seen here.
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