Biography
Dr. Kara received his PhD in Condensed Matter from the Technical University of Lille and CEA Saclay, France, with Highest Honors.
Research
My research interests encompass a variety of aspects in materials science spanning over different length and time scales. I use first principles electronic structure calculations ( Density Functional Theory) to study surface properties (relaxations, chemisorption etc ..) and to gain insight into the nature of the environment dependent interatomic bonding.
I use model potentials to perform extensive studies of temperature/time dependent properties of complex/low symmetry systems. These studies include:
1) Structure, vibrational dynamics and thermodynamics of stepped and kinked surfaces, adsorbates, adsorbed islands and nanocrystals of several metals. These calculations are performed using a real space Green’s function technique and a slab method.
2) Temperature dependent structural changes near and at metal surfaces using Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations and free energy minimizations in the quasiharmonic approximation.
3) (MD) simulations to study atom manipulations on surfaces using STM and AFM tips and the changes of the landscape of the potential energy surface caused by the tip.
4) Structure dynamics and thermodynamics of surfaces of alloys for the ordered and disordered surfaces. Segregation profiles at and near alloy surfaces using Monte Carlo (MC) simulations.
Finally, to bridge the structure/length and time gaps between accurate ab initio calculations and real applications, I’m also interested in the building of robust model interatomic potentials.
Research Opportunities for Students
Information on requirements:
Currently accepting:
Graduate
Undergraduate

 Is it Paid?
 In a lab?
 Prerequisites
 Learning materials
Publications
109. K. Sbiaai, A. Eddiai, Y. Boughaleb, M Mazroui, J.Y. Raty, M. Meddad and A. Kara
Diffusion processes on missingrow surfaces, Opt. Quant. Elect. 46, 15 (2014).
108. H Yildirim, T Greber, A Kara,
Trends in Adsorption Characteristics of Benzene Transition Metal Surfaces: Role of
Surface Chemistry and Van Der Waals Interactions
J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 20572 (2013).
107. S. Gottardi, K. Muller, J.C. MorenoLopez, H. Yildirim, U. Meinhardt, M. Kivala,
A. Kara, M. Stohr.
Cyanofunctionalized triarylamines on Au(111): competing intermolecular and
molecule/substrate interactions. Adv. Mater. Int., DOI: 10.1002/admi.201300025
(2013).
106. M.R. Tchalala, M.A. Ali, H. Enriquez, A. Kara, A. Lachgar, S. Yagoubi, E. Foy, E.
Vega, A. Bendounan, M.G. Silly, F. Sirotti, S. Nitshe, D. Chaudanson, H.
Jamgotchian, B. Aufray, A.J. Mayne, G. Dujardin, H. Oughaddou Silicon sheets by
redox assisted chemical exfoliation. J. of Phys.: Cond. Matt. 25, 442001 (2013).
105. M. R. Tchalala, H. Enriquez, A. J. Mayne, A. Kara, S. Roth, M. G. Silly, A.
Bendounan, F. Sirotti, Th. Greber, B. Aufray, G. Dujardin, M. Ait Ali, and H.
Oughaddou,
Formation of onedimensional selfassembled silicon nanoribbons on Au(110)2×1
Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 083107 (2013).
104. G. Nandipati, A. Kara, S.I. Shah, T.S. Rahman
Kinetically driven shape changes in early stages of twodimensional island
coarsening: Ag/Ag (111). Phys. Rev. B 88 (11), 115402 (2013)
103 K. Sbiaai, Y. Boughaleb, A. Kara, S. Touhtouh and B. Sahraoui
Long jumps contribution to the adatom diffusion process near the step edge: The case
of Ag/Cu(110) Physica Status Solidi (b) (2013).
102 K. Sbiaai, A. Eddiai, Y. Boughaleb, A. Hajjaji, A. Kara
Ag adatom and dimer motion on Cu (110)(1×2) missing row surface. Opt. Mat. 36
(1), 4246 (2013).
101. K. Sbiaai, Y. Boughaleb, A. Kara
Dynamics of Cu monomer, dimer and trimer on Ag (110)(1×2) missingrow
reconstructed surface Surf. and Int. Anal. 45 (11), 17021708 (2013).
100. K. Sbiaai, Y. Boughaleb, M. Mazroui, A. Hajjaji, A. Kara Energy barriers for
diffusion on heterogeneous stepped metal surfaces: Ag/Cu (110) Thin Solid
Films 548, 331335 (2013)
99. Z Majzik, M Rachid Tchalala, M Švec, P Hapala, HEnriquez, A Kara, A J Mayne, G
Dujardin, P Jelínek and H Oughaddou,
Combined AFM and STM measurements of a silicene sheet grown on Ag(111)
Surface, J. Phys. Conden. Matt. 25, 225301 (2013).
98. S.I. Shah, G. Nandipati, A. Kara, and T.S. Rahman
Selfdiffusion of small Ni islands on the Ni(111): a selflearning kinetic Monte Carlo
Study, Phys. Rev. B 88, 035414 (2013).
97. H. Yildirim and A. Kara, Effect of van der Waals interactions on the Adsorption of
Olympicene Radical on Cu(111): Characteristics of Weak Physisorption versus
Strong Chemisorption, J. Phys. Chem. C, C 117 (6), 28932902 (2013).
96. K. Muller, A.P. Seitsonen, T. Brugger, J. Westover, T. Greber, T. Jung, and A. Kara,
Electronic Structure of an Organic/Metal Interface: Pentacene/Cu(110), J. of Phys.
Chem. C 116, 23465 (2012).
95. B.R. Cuenya, L.K ONO, J.R. Croy, K. Paredis, A. Kara, H. Heindrich, J. Zhao, E.E.
Alp, A.T. DelaRiva, A. Datye, E.A. Stach, and W. Keune, Sizedependent evolution
of the atomic vibrational density of states and thermodynamic properties of isolated
Fe nanoparticles, Phys. Rev. B 88, 165406 (2012).
94. D. Le, A. Kara, E. Schroder, P. Hyldgaard, and T.S. Rahman, Physisorption of
nucleobases on graphene: a comparative van der Waals study, J. Phy. Conden. Matt.
24, 424210 (2012).
 H. Enriquez, S. Vizzini, A. Kara, B. Lalmi and H. Oughaddou, Silicene structures
on silver surfaces, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 24, 314211 (2012).
92. K. Sbiaa, Y. Boughaleb, J.Y. Raty, A. Hajjaji, M. Mazroui, and A. Kara, Numerical
study of atomic diffusion processes of copper on silver (110) surface: Cu/Ag (110), J.
Opto. Adv. Mat. 14, 1059 (2012).
91. A. Kara, H. Enriquez, L.Yan Voon, A. Seitsonen, S. Vizzini, and H. Oughaddou, A
Review on Silicene: a New Candidate for Electronics, Surf. Sci. Rep. 67, 1 (2012).
 H. Yildirim, A. Kara, T.S. Rahman, Tailoring Electronic Structure Through
Alloying: The Ag_{n}Cu_{34n} (n=034) Nanoparticle Family, J. Phy. Chem. C, 116, 281
(2012).
89. G. Nandipati, A. Kara, S.I. Shah, and T.S. Rahman, New OffLattice Pattern
Recognition Scheme for OffLattice Kinetic Monte Carlo Simulations, J. Comp.
Phys. 231, 3548 (2012)
88. J. Westover, H. Enriquez, H. Oughaddou, and A. Kara, Metallization of SiC(100)
3×2 Surface: a DFT Investigation, Surf. Sci., 606, 14711474 (2012).
87. H. Enriquez, A. Mayne, A. Kara, S. Vizzini, S. Roth, B. Lalmi, A. P. Seitsonen, B.
Aufray, T. Greber, R. Belkhou, G. Dujardin and H. Oughaddou, Adsorption of silicon
on Au(110): an ordered 2D surface alloy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 021605 (2012).
86. S.I. Shah, G. Nandipati, A. Kara and T.S. Rahman, Extended Pattern Recognition
Scheme for Selflearning Kinetic Monte Carlo (SLKMCII), J. Phy. Conden. Matt.
24, 354004 (2012).
85. A.Karim, A. Kara, O. Trushin, T.S. Rahman, The crossover from collective motion
to periphery diffusion for twodimensional adatomislands on Cu(111), J. Phy.
Conden. Matt. 23, 462201 (2011).
84.G. Nandipati, A. Kara, S. I. Shah, and T.S. Rahman, Island Size Selectivity during
2D Island Coarsening of Ag(111), J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23, 262001 (2011).
83. A. Kara, H. Enriquez, S. Vizzini, B. Ealet, B. Aufray, H. Oughaddou, A Silicon
Monolayer on Ag(111), Global Journal of Phys. Chem. 2, 145 (2011).
82. K. Sbiaa, Y. Boughaleb, JY. Raty, A. Arbaoui, and A. Kara, Surface Diffusion of
Ag adatom on Cu(110) by Molecular Dynamics Simulation, Global J. of Phys. Chem.
2, 157 (2011).
81. B. Lalmi, H. Oughaddou, H. Enriquez, A. Kara, S. Vizzini, B. Ealet, and B. Aufray,
Epitaxial growth of a silicene sheet, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 223109 (2010)
80. B. Aufray, A. Kara, S. Vizzini, H. Oughaddou, C. Léandri, B. Ealet, and G. Le Lay,
Graphenelike silicon nanoribbons on Ag(110): A possible formation of
silicene,Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 183102 (2010) (This paper made the cover of APL
journal and was among the top ten most downloaded paper, from APL, during the
month of June 2011; this paper was also the subject of a highlight in Nature
Nanotechnology and several news media).
79. P. De Padova, C. Quaresima, C. Ottaviani, P. M. Sheverdyaeva, P. Moras, C.
Carbone, D. Topwal, B. Olivieri, A. Kara, H. Oughaddou, B. Aufray, and G. Le
Lay, Evidence of graphenelike electronic signature in silicene nanoribbons, Appl.
Phys. Lett. 96, 261905 (2010)
78A. Kara, S. Vizzini, C. Leandri, B. Ealet, H. Oughaddou, B. Aufray, and G. Le Lay,
Silicon NanoRibbons on Ag(110): a computational investigation. J. Phys. Condens.
Matter 22, 045004 (2010).
 H. Yildirim, A. Kara, T.S. Rahman, R. Heid, and KP. Bohnen, Surface Vibrational
Thermodynamics from ab initio Calculations for fcc(110), Surf. Sci. 604, 308 (2010).
76. F. Rabbering, A. Kara, H. Wormeester, T. Warnaar, O. Trushin, T.S. Rahman, and
B. Poelsema, Dispersed Forces from Measured Shape Anisotropy of Adatom Islands:
Revelations from an Accelerated Simulation Scheme. Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 096105
(2009).